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General information about Luxembourg



Official name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Capital: Luxembourg City (coordinates: 49° 36' 36" N, 6° 7' 40" E)

The Grand-Duchy’s capital has 115’000 inhabitants, of whom around 70% were foreign residents in 2016. Luxembourg City, has a history going back more than a thousand years. It was founded in 963, and counts a number of historic sites, including its former fortress (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), as well as more contemporary sites. Luxembourg is one of Europe's most important financial centres. The city is home to several European Union institutions and is one of the capitals of Europe, along with Brussels and Strasbourg.

Neighbouring countries: Germany, Belgium, France

Area: 2,586 square kilometres The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg extends from north to south over a maximum distance of 82 km and 57 km from east to west.

Perimeter: 359 km. The country has 148 km of borders with Belgium, 135km with Germany and 73 km with France.

Population:  590.667 habitants (1st January 2017), of whom 47,7% are foreigners of more than 170 nationalities

Independence: 1839 (from the Netherlands)

Form of government: constitutional monarchy functioning as a parliamentary democracy

Head of State: HRH Grand Duke Henri

Head of Government: Xavier Bettel, Prime Minister, Minister of State

National language: Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch)

Administrative languages: French, German and Luxembourgish

Currency: Euro

Country code (telephone): +352

Time zone: Central European Standard Time (CET) = GMT/UTC +1; Central European Summer Time (CEST) = GMT/UTC +2 

Electricity supply: 220-240V, 50Hz

Units of weight and measure: kilogramme and metre

Internet code: .lu

Climate: temperate, with no extreme fluctuations, tending to damp and cold. Annual average temperature: about 9°C; average temperature ranges between 0°C in January and 18°C in July.

Public holidays:

Day Holiday
1st January New Year's Day
April (Day after Easter Sunday) Easter Monday
1st May  Labour Day
May (39 Days after Easter Sunday) Ascension Day
May (Day after Pentecost) Whit Monday
23rd June National Day
15th August Assumption
1st November All Saints
25th December Christmas Day
26th December Boxing Day


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